Tips For Studying In Healthcare

This post was written in response to the most common type of question I’m asked – general tips for studying. We’ve all heard the horror stories of studying 10+ hours per day, having no social life, and having to sacrifice one’s sanity just to keep up with the growing volume of medical knowledge and research. 😯

Learning is a highly individualized process, and as a result, study habits vary from person-to-person, the material at hand, and even around one’s work schedule. The last of these is important because in undergrad and even med school, students have so much more time dedicated to learning their trade and coursework. As a resident, balancing a full work load (60-80 hours per week) while ALSO attempting to study for in-training exams and boards can be a daunting task. Here are some study tips which have served me well over the course of my training:

Quality Over Quantity

“How many hours do you study?” I never understood the point of this question. With all the distractions we have in the modern era, the sheer volume of “hours spent studying” probably has little to do with actual comprehension and retention.

I study in very short bursts (no greater than 30 minutes) with distractions between sessions, but I’m extremely focused when I read. It’s also why I have to take my exams very quickly, because I can’t sustain that degree of concentration for very long. Naturally, the overall time commitment ramps up just before exams and falls off immediately after an exam. And that’s okay. Just focus on how much material you were able to get through (and retain) rather than the number of hours. 🙂

Reading a critical care textbook on my iPad with PDF Expert


“Burnout” is an incredibly important concept in healthcare training, but individuals have different thresholds where they cross the proverbial line. Know yourself and the circumstances surrounding your work schedule and personal life. Don’t feel guilty if you find yourself choosing sleep or recreation over studying from time to time.

That being said, sacrifices must be made to truly commit oneself to healthcare. I can’t tell you how many times I chose studying over celebrating special occasions, hanging with colleagues, vacation, etc. Fortunately I’ve found studying with the goal of teaching to be a very zen-like experience which brings me a great deal of happiness. Find your motivation and resilience to stay afloat amidst a life of sacrifice. Learning will become a natural extension of your daily pursuits, and you’ll feel like studying is less of a chore and more of a hobby. 😎

Standardized Exams – Practice Questions

Programs are always looking for “well rounded” individuals, but standardized exams (USMLE, SAT, MCAT, etc.) are still way more important than applicants want to acknowledge. Think about it – they’re objective exams. For example, it doesn’t matter where you want to college, everyone takes more or less the same MCAT. In this sense, these exams are an (imperfect) assessment of one’s fund of knowledge and critical thinking which can be compared directly to other applicants. That’s just how our system works.

With that in mind, for each of these exams, find a single text to use as your primary book (i.e., First Aid for USMLE Step 1). Minimize the number of additional resources you use, annotate material from those sources into your primary book, and focus on doing thousands of practice questions.

Drawing with GoodNotes

Active Engagement

In a world of podcasts and PowerPoint lectures, it’s very easy to rely on our auditory and visual senses to learn difficult concepts or volumes of information. I used to do this too. Sitting in the back of the lecture hall just flipping through slides as I half heartedly retained the information… it was frustrating, ungratifying, and very routine.

Then I pursued more active engagement with the material. I put away the PowerPoint slides and wrote notes based on the lecture. Writing is a much more active process than listening (or typing, for that matter). By listening to the lecturer, I distill down the concepts into easy-to-understand phrases with the intention of sharing my notes and diagrams with others.

These days, I use an iPad Pro and Apple Pencil to actively annotate textbooks and journal articles with PDF Expert as well as doodling notes/diagrams with GoodNotes. This work flow has significantly improved my critical thinking, retention, and even spurred me to investigate these topics further. It also facilitates my interest to teach across social media. 🙂

In the end, learning how to learn is half the battle. Find something you like and stick with it! Also, drop me a comment below with any other tip(s) you recommend!

You might also like

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

  1. Vrinda says

    Definitely agree with quality study time over quantity! I never understood the point of bragging about the numbers of hours spent studying when a shorter amount of time can be more effective. I study in short bursts as well and take breaks in between but I try to stay away from my phone/social media during those breaks since I feel that diverting my attention from one source to another expends my “mental energy”. Instead I recommend taking productive breaks such as switching subjects/study material or even taking a nap ?

    1. Rishi says

      You and I share a lot of the same study habits, hahaha. 😀

  2. Luz Sapnu says

    Dr.rish I really admired ur patience to achieved ur goal and and inspired me to continues my nursing course hope it’s not too late for me.thank u for sharing ur hard working as med. As I said before I will keep praying for ur coming exam. May god bless u!! Take care

    1. Rishi says

      Thanks for your continued support, Luz!

  3. annonymous doctor mom says

    Your website is so helpful. Thank you for sharing your experience and advice! It’s especially helpful when studying for a major exam to find a connection even if it’s just an article we relate to! I have my Step3 coming up and I am taking it after failing twice, and having to withdraw from my residency program as a result.
    I took an extended break from all things USMLE as I was significantly burnt out. But eventually I had to learn to confront procrastination, become better at time management (though still not really so great with that), learn to balance time with my kids/family/friends/self-care/etc, deal with anxiety including fear of failure. It’s been a long journey, with many breaks, but I just keep going.
    In my experience just starting slow and building up with the study was key. I could only tolerate to sit through 10 practice questions on USMLE World at a slow tutor mode for many months, but anything at a faster pace gave me a near anxiety attack. Each time I sat down I would let the anxiety wash over me and just continue to face the questions almost everyday. Sports analogies like for marathon training have been a good way for me to build up my stamina for the exam. My exam is coming up soon, but I wish I had seen your website much sooner!
    Take care and all the best.

    1. Rishi says

      Thank you so much for sharing your story! Best of luck on your exam! YOU GOT THIS! 🙂