Pharmacology

  • Halogenated Volatiles

    Halogenated volatile anesthetics (“anesthesia gases”) serve as the backbone for maintaining most of the general anesthetics I perform. Although their…

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  • Dexmedetomidine

    Dexmedetomidine (Precedex) is a selective intravenous alpha-2 agonist approved for sedation in non-intubated patients in the perioperative setting as well…

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  • Magnesium Sulfate

    Magnesium is an important intracellular electrolyte that regulates neuronal conduction, vascular tone, myocardial excitation, and muscular contraction. Patients often lose…

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  • Adenosine

    Adenosine is nucleoside that forms the backbone for energy substrates like ATP and signal transduction/second messenger systems like cyclic AMP.…

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  • Dobutamine

    Dobutamine (Dobutrex) is a synthetic adrenergic agonist structurally similar to isoproterenol working on the same receptor profile – primarily beta…

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