The Denervated Heart

The concept of a denervated heart is a significant consideration in patients receiving orthotopic heart transplants. When these donor hearts are procured, there’s no way to preserve native autonomic regulation (ie, vagal...

Surgical Steps In CentriMag Biventricular Assist Device (BiVAD) Placement

CentriMag devices are implanted for acute right and/or left-sided circulatory support but often times used for extended periods of time for patients with acute heart failure awaiting a heart transplant. With CentriMag...

Bubble Study On Transesophageal Echocardiography

A "bubble study" is often utilized to confirm the presence of shunting across the interatrial septum (IAS) via patent foremen ovale (PFO) or atrial septal defects (ASD). This study is used in...

Directly Link To Social Media User Profile In Swift Application

Here's how I use UIButtons on EchoTools to link to my social media platforms. If a user has the specific app already installed (ie, Facebook or Instagram), my profile will launch within...

Phenobarbital For Alcohol Withdrawal

At the beginning of my medical training, I grew accustomed to benzodiazepines like lorazepam, chlordiazepoxide, and diazepam being used as the cornerstone of therapy for alcohol withdrawal based on symptoms and the...


I'm a cardiothoracic anesthesiology fellow and double board certified intensivist and anesthesiologist at Harvard looking to improve medical education, diagnostics, and patient safety while promoting team-based, patient-centered care.


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