Dual Fellowship Training – Critical Care and Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology


It’s fairly rare for anesthesia residents to pursue a dual fellowship, but for those who do, the combination of critical care and adult cardiothoracic anesthesiology is common. After being asked by family members and friends why I want to extend my training by another two years, I decided to outline the reasons which led me to this decision.

Spectacle of Recovery

Mechanical ventilation, continuous renal-replacement therapy, vasopressors, extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO), a plethora of invasive monitors, and the like are all commonplace as one walks through the intensive care unit (ICU). While many ICU patients face terminal diagnoses and even more are successfully transferred out of the unit to deal with chronic comorbidities… a small sample experiences something more profound. Individuals who should not have survived – those that were an inch from death and on every support device imaginable who turn around and literally walk out of the hospital weeks-to-months later. It makes me redefine what actually constitutes a “terminal diagnosis” and gives me hope that with the right interventions (usually requiring ICU care), anyone is subject to improve no matter how unlikely.


Studying on my day off

I’ve witnessed how fragile patients with severe cardiovascular comorbidities can be in the perioperative setting. Relatively new to anesthesiology, I initially drew on my ICU base to care for these patients, but found myself with large knowledge gaps in echocardiography, intracardiac devices, and cardiopulmonary bypass. I then realized how a dual fellowship in critical care and adult cardiothoracic anesthesiology will empower me with the skills to become a more complete perioperative physician – one who not only understands the complex pathophysiology of life threatening ailments but is also skilled to appropriately diagnose and intervene in the operating room or ICU.



It’s disheartening how often consulting services ridicule the primary team. We know you’re busy. We know you have a finite amount of time to see a growing number of patients. The fact that a consult is placed already means the primary team needed help from a team or individual with more expertise. There’s no need to belittle or seek validation for your efforts.

My mentors have taught me that true power comes from being so in tune with one’s abilities that one no longer thrives off of recognition but off of knowing the right thing was done for the patient. I want to be the friendly consultant intensivist colleagues turn to for answers.


Google Glass TEE study

Throughout my residency training in anesthesiology, I’ve developed a desire to accept the most challenging cases. Rather than shying away from complexity, I have grown substantially by working alongside our intensivists and trauma/cardiothoracic anesthesiologists to polish my mindset and procedural skills during our patients’ most desperate hours. Prioritizing the steps in resuscitation and learning to communicate with all the involved treatment teams are pivotal characteristics of a perioperative physician which often translate to safer and better outcomes.

These two fellowships will be extremely challenging. The hours are difficult. All the patients have severe, acute issues. Often times, even the social aspect of end-of-life care trumps the medicine itself. I find these challenges appealing. 😀

Training and Career Goals

I now seek rigorous training in both fellowships to expand my breadth of diagnostics, familiarity with treatment modalities, procedural finesse, and ability to rapidly apply my full array of skills to help in any clinical situation. Starting with critical care will provide an unparalleled foundation in pathophysiology to build upon as a cardiothoracic anesthesiologist.

Where the magic happens!

I want to continue practicing how to effectively establish rapport, alleviate anxiety, and distill complex medical pathophysiology into simple concepts. These traits will combine with a sincere empathy to help many patients and their families deal with end of life care – a reality for many critically ill patients.

The synergy of my medical knowledge and technical skills coupled with a strong work ethic and laidback persona make me well-fitted for a career as a perioperative academician. One day I hope to work alongside medical students, residents, and fellows to teach and mentor the next generation of perioperative physicians.

Life Circumstances

Although it’ll likely be the first time I leave Houston for education or training, it’s time to learn how medicine is practiced elsewhere! I can bring these techniques back to the Texas Medical Center or wherever I end up working.


It’s not practical for me to finish residency, work, and then come back for fellowship. This is my chance to finish all of my training in one shot and then settle down as far as a career, marriage, etc. 😯

…and this is why I’m pursuing a dual fellowship in critical care and cardiothoracic anesthesiology.

The San Francisco Match opened for critical care anesthesiology on November 2nd, and I submitted my application materials by November 8th. Just waiting for all my recommendation letters to find their way to the programs. Hope the interview trail is nice to me. 🙂


  1. Great post, dude! 🙂 Are there many of these dual fellowships around? Or do you have to apply, first, to like CC, finish that, then apply for CT? Just wondering how it works. I’m not there yet (still just a mere med student, though non-trad), but it sounds so awesome the way you put it! 🙂

    • Thanks Pat! So there are a few unofficial “combined” fellowships, but the majority of applicants have to apply to each fellowship separately and match twice. Cumbersome process… but I think it’s worth it! 🙂


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