Repairing Endotracheal Tube Cuffs
Occlusive cuffs on endotracheal tubes (ETTs) allow us to “protect the airway.” Air/fluid is added and removed from this cuff through a pilot balloon (blue in the image below) which is connected to the cuff on the distal segment of an ETT via a thin, plastic tube. Several times during fellowship, I’ve been called to the bedside due to inadvertent injury to this tubing. When this closed system is opened, the cuff can no longer be inflated. The airway becomes insecure due to an air leak which can also cause inadequate ventilation.
So what’s the big deal Rishi? Just exchange the tube using a Cook catheter!
Well, this isn’t always feasible. What if the patient is rapidly desaturating and has a known difficult airway… and your advanced airway equipment is nowhere to be found! What if the patient has a “fresh” tracheostomy where removing the trach tube can result in significant airway bleeding? Let’s try to temporize the situation!
Find out if your department (and especially the respiratory therapists) carry pilot balloon repair kits. If they don’t, you can “MacGyver” one with a blunt tip attached to a three-way stopcock and a syringe to inflate/remove air.
Repair kits come with everything you need! All you have to do is guide the metallic interface into the lumen of the old plastic tubing about a centimeter. Then use the new pilot balloon just like you normally would. You’ll want everyone to know that this is a TEMPORARY pilot balloon until a more permanent fix can be performed.
Drop me a comment below with questions! 🙂