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How Do Automatic Blood Pressure Cuffs Work?

One of the most common mistakes I've heard on rounds, in the ICU, on the floor, or just in general conversation is that the "patient's blood pressure is XXX over XXX." The overwhelming majority of clinics and hospitals rely on automatic…

Pulmonary Artery Catheter Structure And Waveforms

Although the use of pulmonary artery catheters (PACs, otherwise known as Swan-Ganz catheters) has never been shown to confer a mortality benefit, they are still routinely used in operating rooms and intensive care units to help guide…

Malignant Hyperthermia

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare, autosomal dominant condition involving mutations in the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR-1) causing an aberrant calcium-induced calcium release (CICR) mechanism. With normal skeletal muscle contraction,…