Pleurodesis is a procedure aimed to obliterate the intrapleural space in patients with recurrent malignant/non-malignant effusions and recurrent pneumothorax. In mechanical pleurodesis, surgeons will usually perform a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), identify the parietal pleura, and rub an abrasive material against the parietal pleura. In chemical pleurodesis, agents like talc, minocycline, betadine, doxycycline, and silver nitrate are introduced into the intrapleural space to generate an inflammatory response through chemical irritation of the pleural lining.
In the illustration, the red zone indicates an area where pleurodesis is being performed. The procedure will ultimately encompass the entire lung to achieve complete apposition between the visceral and parietal pleural layers. Using chemical or mechanical sclerosis techniques, a diffuse inflammatory response promotes fibrin adhesions and fibroblasts’ proliferation to limit fluid or air from filling the intrapleural space.
Drop me a comment below with your experience regarding pleurodesis!