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Surgical Steps In Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

As a future cardiothoracic anesthesiologist, it's important for me to consider the surgical steps and potential areas of difficulty/complications which may arise during the...

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Arterial Line, and EKG Waveforms

The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a form of mechanical circulatory support used in several situations like cardiogenic shock, the inability to wean from...

Frank-Starling Curves

The Frank-Starling law of the heart is one of the most important intrinsic properties of cardiac muscle. It states that a change in venous return (preload)...

Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) And Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR)

Cardiopulmonary physiology has always been an interest of mine. I've previously written about how cardiac output is affected by spontaneous versus positive pressure ventilation,...

Ventilation Modes Change Cardiac Output

Take a deep breath. Your diaphragm is contracting downward increasing your intrathoracic volume with a resulting decrease in pressure according to Boyle's Law. This...

ABOUT RISHI

Harvard critical care and cardiothoracic anesthesia combined clinical fellow seeking to improve medical education and patient safety with technology and quality initiatives. Learn more about me and feel free to drop me a question!