Peripheral Nerve Stimulator

The peripheral nerve stimulator can deliver different types of stimuli to elicit an assessment of the depth of neuromuscular blockade. This is an important monitor when using neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) since there’s tremendous...

Ceftaroline

Ceftaroline (Teflaro) is a fifth generation intravenous cephalosporin used to treat community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and acute skin infections. Similar to later generation cephalosporins, ceftaroline retains antimicrobial activity against many common gram negative bacteria...

Hydrocortisone

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef) is a pharmacologic analog of the steroid hormone cortisol (identical structure) that serves as a reference to gauge the relative mineralcorticoid and glucocorticoid potencies of other steroids. This is similar to how...

Midazolam

Midazolam (Versed) is a relatively short-acting benzodiazepine ("benzo") which can be administered IV, PO, PR, and even within the neuraxial space to extend the duration/strength of the epidural/spinal block. For these reasons, it's the...

Dopamine

Dopamine is a natural catecholamine that is the biochemical precursor to norepinephrine and epinephrine. In human physiology, it plays a pivotal role regulating mood, lymphocyte activity, gastrointestinal motility, movement, the release of other neurotransmitters,...

Methylene Blue

Methylene blue (ProvayBlue) is an intravenous medication and dye best known for treating methemoglobinemia but has been found to have potential benefits in other areas of medicine. Methemoglobin (metHb) contains oxidized iron in the ferric...

Tranexamic Acid

Tranexamic acid (“TXA”, Cyklokapron) is an analog of the amino acid lysine that works as an antifibrinolytic by binding lysine receptor sites on plasminogen to competitively inhibit its conversion to plasmin - the enzyme...

Isoproterenol

Isoproterenol (Isuprel) is a nonselective beta-adrenergic agonist structurally very similar to epinephrine, which I commonly use in the electrophysiology (EP) lab to induce tachyarrhythmias for the electrophysiologist to map out and ablate. Unfortunately, this...

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