surgery

Break Down Intake And Output (I&Os)

As a cardiac anesthesiologist and cardiovascular intensivist, I routinely care for perioperative cardiac surgery patients in my OR and ICU practices. If I were to look at the "I&Os" (intake and output) to estimate...

Fluorescein

Fluorescein is a dye that is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications. For example, it is often used as a diagnostic tool to help identify and treat eye conditions and visualize...
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Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (OPCABG)

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) is a surgical revascularization technique where grafts are anastomosed to coronary arteries to bypass occlusions without using cardiopulmonary bypass. As a result, the typical considerations for “on-pump” CABG...

Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm

A left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm is an LV outpouching devoid of myocardium/endocardium contained by the pericardium and adhesions. As one can imagine, this pathology carries a high risk of rupture and mortality. LV pseudoaneurysms...

What Is Cell Saver?

As a cardiothoracic anesthesiologist, hemostasis, coagulopathy, and blood salvation are important considerations in the operations I'm involved with. Cell Saver is one technique our perfusion team routinely utilizes to facilitate blood conservation. Blood loss...

Cabrol Shunt

The Cabrol shunt is a technique for controlling bleeding around the aortic root following aortic valve or root manipulation. When conventional methods like additional suturing, correction of any coagulopathy, and localized hemostatic agents have...

Surgicel

Surgicel is an oxidized cellulose hemostatic agent used to control bleeding. It creates a physical barrier to blood loss while promoting localized vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation within the matrix of fibers. Furthermore, due to...

RK.MD Mechanical Circulatory Support (MCS) Reference Sheet

As a follow-up to my perioperative and critical care reference sheet, I've created a similar one for mechanical circulatory support (MCS). The same instructions apply: This sheet doesn't constitute medical advice, and I'm NOT responsible...

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