Retrograde Cerebral Perfusion (RCP)
Retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) is a neuroprotective technique originally described in the early 1990s to deliver cold, oxygenated blood via the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit to the cerebral vasculature by way of the superior...
Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion (ACP)
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest ("circ arrest") is often required for partial or total aortic arch reconstructions. At this point in the surgery, there is no blood flow anywhere. Because of systemic cooling, we mitigate...